Judges Scientific plc designs, manufactures, and sells scientific instruments. The company operates in two segments, Materials Sciences Group and Vacuum Group. It offers metal components and casings, fabrication, and bespoke engineering solutions; engineering teaching instruments for universities and technical colleges; and motor control systems, micro-tensile stages, cooling stages, digital imaging for electron microscopes, and beam blanking equipment to OEM customers or directly to end users, such as universities. The company also provides instruments to measure the reaction of various materials to fire; instruments used to test the physical properties of soil and rocks to academic institutions and commercial customers conducting geotechnical research or providing testing services in relation to civil engineering projects; and specialized equipment to test the properties of fiber optic and fiber optic networks in the telecommunications industry. In addition, it offers instruments that prepare samples for examination in electron microscopes; products to electrophysiology and imaging researchers; gas purifiers for use in metals analysis; and instruments used to create motion, heating, and cooling within ultra-high vacuum chambers. The company operates in the United Kingdom, rest of Europe, North America, and internationally. Judges Scientific plc was incorporated in 2002 and is based in London, the United Kingdom.